Investigating Judicial Activism in Pakistan: Analyzing Significant Precedents in the Promotion of Environmental Sustainability


  • Muhammad Saad Saleem Advocate High Court & LLM, Department of Law, University of the Lahore, Lahore, Paksitan.
  • Aqsa Tasgheer Ph.D. Scholar, Institute of Islamic Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Tehreem Fatima Lecturer, Department of Allied Sciences, University of Home Economics, Lahore, Pakistan.



Judicial Activism, Law Enforcement, Sustainable Development, Pakistan, Case Laws


Within the context of ecological conservation, the function of the judiciary has become increasingly significant as a powerful institution. The ever-changing terrain of judicial activism in Pakistan is a debatable matter, with a particular emphasis on its role in promoting the preservation of the environment. This paper investigates the role of Pakistani courts as protectors of the environment and their influence on policy settings and advancements toward sustainability, by analyzing certain relevant case laws. This study investigates the actions and judgments made by tribunals and courts, as well as their subsequent impacts on practices and laws related to the preservation security, and sustainable growth of the environment. The selected legal cases cover a wide range of ecological concerns, enabling a comprehensive examination of the impact of legal activism on areas such as waste oversight, resource administration, and protection endeavors. This analysis examines many issues that could impede the effectiveness of judicial activism, such as limitations in resources, gaps in execution, and possible disputes between the goals of ecological protection and financial constraints. This essay aims to offer a comprehensive examination of the intricate relationship among the legal system, ecological problems, and the endeavor for stability. This paper will add to the ongoing conversation on the influence of judicial activism in defining ecologically conscious notions in Pakistan by synthesizing the outcomes of significant cases. This statement highlights the significance of an active court in supplementing the endeavors of both the executive and legislative branches, thereby cultivating a mutually beneficial association between legal principles and the environment. In essence, this investigation provides a basis for future discourse regarding the potential for statutes and judicial rulings to more effectively harmonize with sustainable development objectives, all while negotiating the intricate landscape of ecological problems in Pakistan.



How to Cite

Saleem, M. S., Tasgheer, A., & Fatima, T. (2023). Investigating Judicial Activism in Pakistan: Analyzing Significant Precedents in the Promotion of Environmental Sustainability. Journal of Religious and Social Studies, 3(02 Jul-Dec), 1–19.